The conference was arranged in to 16 sessions all together with Inaugural session, plenary addresses by guest speakers, special sessions, lecture sessions and the closing sessions. Day wise break-up is given as below:
Monday May 2 (plenary sessions)
· Plenary addresses by guest speakers
· Technical session-1, Special session: Himalayan biodiversity in relation to changing climate and livelihoods
· Technical session 2: Globalization and marginalization
Tuesday May 3 (parallel sessions)
· Technical session 3
· Development planning, globalization and mountain environment
· Social capital, transition and change
· Technical session 4
· Development issues and sustainable development
· Globalization, Marginalization and Indigenous Minorities
· Technical session 5
· Marginalization and society
· Mountains, tourism and alternative strategy
· Technical session 6
· Social consideration, migration and rural livelihoods
· Transport, technology and resource management
Wednesday May 4 (plenary sessions)
· Technical session 7, Special session: 6th and 7th Pundit Nain Singh Memorial Lectures
· Technical session 8: Resource management as a response to marginalization
· Technical session 9: Climate change and climatic considerations in highland areas
· Valedictory function
The inaugural session of the conference started under the chairmanship of Prof. V.P.S. Arora, Vice-Chancellor of Kumaun University Nainital and the welcome address was delivered by Prof. Raghubir Chand, the Convener of the Conference. Prof. Walter Leimgruber, University of Fribourg, Switzerland introduced the activities of the IGU Commission on Marginalization, Globalization and Regional and Local Responses as its secretary. Dr. Andreas Schild, Director General of ICIMOD, Kathmandu, Nepal as the Guest of Honour delivered a keynote address on ‘The Himalayas as the providers of essential ecosystem services - opportunities and challenges’. Prof. Martin Price, Director, Centre for Mountain Studies (CMS) at Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands, Scotland and UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Mountain Development was the chief guest of the conference. Prof. Price shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former US Vice-President Al Gore. He delivered his inaugural address on ‘Mountains: a global common good?’ The Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Prof. V.P.S. Arora, delivered a presidential address with his valuable remarks on the topic. The vote of thanks was proposed by Prof. N.S. Rana, Director of the DSB Campus, Kumaun University Nainital.
The plenary session started just after the inaugural session with invited guest speaker Dr. A.A. Aidaraliev of National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan and President of the International University of Kyrgyzstan who spoke on ‘Poverty and Global Warming: an example of the Kyrgyz Republic’. This was chaired by Padm Shree Prof. K.S. Valdiya and co-chaired by Dr. G.S Saun. A special technical session-1 on ‘Himalayan Biodiversity in relation to changing climate and livelihoods’ was convened by G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (GBPIHED), Kosi-Katarmal, Almora. This technical session was Chaired by Dr. Andreas Schild, DG, ICIMOD and Co-Chaired by Dr. L.M.S. Palni, Director, GBPIHED. In this session, a keynote address on ‘Himalayan Biodiversity and People under changing climate and economic scenario’ was delivered by Dr. R.S. Tolia. Among four other presentations, Dr. R.B.S. Rawat, PCCF, Govt. of Uttarakhand, presented his lecture on ‘Changing perspectives of biodiversity based livelihoods’, followed by another important paper on ‘Emerging opportunities and challenges for conservation and sustainable use of Himalayan bio-resources’ by Dr. L.M.S. Palni, Director of G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (GBPIHED), Kosi-Katarmal, Almora. ‘Strategies for establishing linkages among stakeholders for sustaining Himalayan ecosystem’ was the topic for presentation by Mr. Ajay Rastogi and ‘Anthropogenic activities and its impact on environment in Meghalaya’ was presented by Prof.R.K. Rai President of National Association of Geographers India (NAGI), Delhi.
Technical session -2 was chaired by Dr. R.S. Tolia, former Chief Secretary of Government of Uttarakhand, India with a keynote lecture by Dr. Keith Bosak on ‘Going Global. Livelihoods and globalization in Niti Valley, India’. It was followed by another important presentation on ‘Impacts of marginalization and globalization in the Czech-German borderland’ by Dr. A. Matuskova and Dr. M. Bastova from Czech Republic.
On May 3rd, 2011, 4 technical sessions were conducted on different issues of local and regional responses to globalization in the mountains and marginal areas of the world. Technical session -3-A was chaired by Prof. Girijesh Pant, Vice Chancellor of Doon University, Dehradun with a keynote paper by Dr. Abdullahi of University Mara, Shah Alam, Malaysia on ‘Highland Development in Malaysia and the public response’. Technical session 3-B was on ‘Social Capital, Transition and Change’ Chaired by Prof. Markku Tykkyläinen, Univ. of Eastern Finland. In this technical session, three presentations were made from Israel, Czechia and Albania. During this session, ‘The concept of ‘indigenous peoples’’ by Prof. Ruth Kark from Israel, ‘Social capital and peripheral areas’ by Prof. T. Havlicek from Czechia’ and ‘Aspects of transition in Albania and acute coronary events’ by Prof Jeremy Kark of Israel were discussed.
Technical Session-4-A on ‘Development Issues and Sustainable Development’ was chaired by Prof. R.K. Rai with a keynote lecture by Dr. Brahm Singh on ‘Impact of globalization on the horticultural development in marginal and mountainous cold deserts of India’, followed by Dr. Nimachow and Prof. R.C. Joshi about ‘Changing identity, livelihood and biodiversity of indigenous communities of Aka tribe of India’. Prof. D.D. Chauniyal presented a paper on ‘Level of socio-economic development in Binu watershed, Uttarakhand Himalaya’. Dr. M. Misra presented his paper on ‘Vulnerability of highland communities to climate induced change and practical adaptive capacity’, followed by ‘Fragmented holdings: A case study of remote and accessible villages of central Himalaya, India’ by Dr. A. Pande.
Technical Session 4B was arranged to study ‘The Marginalization, Globalization and Indigenous Minorities’ and was chaired by Dr. I.D. Pandey, (Ex-PCCF) and Co-chaired by Dr. K. Bosak, Univ. of Montana, USA. In this session, there were three presentations with a keynote lecture on ‘Process of segregation and assimilation in exploiting natural resource and changing livelihood among indigenous minorities and migrants majorities in the Upland Vietnam’ by Prof. Doo-Chil Kim. Prof. R. Chand presented a paper on ‘Changing indigenous strategies and livelihood practices of Bokpa Yak herders of Bhutan’, followed by ‘Bhotia community within the Askote conservation landscape of Uttarakhand’ by Dr. C.S Negi.
Technical session 5-A was on ‘Marginalization and society’ and was chaired by Prof. Ruth Kark of Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The keynote speaker was Padm Shree Prof. Shekhar Pathak with his paper on ‘Himalaya-Highest-Holy and Hijacked’. There were three papers given by Dr. Girija Pande, Miss Aditi Chand and Dr. M. Dutta respectively on “Reimagining the margins: society, state power and culture in India –Nepal border’, ‘The tales of origin and settling processes of marginal societies of Bhutan’ and ‘Status of marginal women tea garden workers in the mountain ecosystem of Darjeeling Himalaya’.
Technical Session 5B focused on ‘Mountain, Tourism and Alternative Strategy’ and was Chaired by Dr. Brahm Singh (Ex-Sr. Scientist, DRDO) and Co-chaired by Dr. Kim Doo Chul, Univ. of Okayama, Japan. The presentations under this session were four with a keynote lecture by Prof. Walter Leimgruber on ‘Tourism in mountain regions: local responses to marginality threats’. Dr. U. Lal presented his paper on ‘Environmental constraints and population pressure in a mountain ecosystem of western Himalaya’. ‘Tourism and environmental challenges’ and ‘Ecotourism and marginal area development’ were presented by Dr. M. Gusain and Dr. S. Verma from Uttarakhand respectively.
Technical Session 6-A covered aspects of ‘Social Consideration, Migration and Rural Livelihoods’ and was chaired by Prof. Walter Leimgruber and Dr. Magdalena Bastova as a co-chair. The keynote lecture in this session was given by Prof. Markku Tykkyläinen and Dr. Olli Lehtonen of Eastern Finland University on ‘Balance of spatial patterns of net migration and socio-economic conditions in Finland’. The second presentation was made by Dr. R.C. S. Taragi from the planning Council of Qatar, Doha, about ‘Migration in Central Himalaya adding to marginalization’. A paper on ‘Badi migrants in Kanchanpur, Nepal’ was presented by Dr. Narad Awasthi of Tribhuwan University Kathmandu, Nepal. ‘Socio-economic wellbeing and mental health profile of rural hill women of Uttarakhand’ was the last paper of the session given by Dr. Lata Pande.
Technical Session 6B on ‘Transport, Technology and Resource Management’ was chaired by Dr. J. Abdullahi, Univ. of Technology MARA, Malaysia with Prof. D.D. Chauniyal, HNB Garhwal Univ. Srinagar, as co-chair. ‘Road transport and socio-economic conditions in the hilly areas of North East India’, ‘Resource recovery techniques for solid waste management’, ‘Mapping environmental sensitive risk areas’, ‘Geomorphic anomalies and water resource management’, and ‘Impact of climate change in foothills agro-forestry pattern and human health’ were the papers delivered by Prof N.D. Singh (keynote speaker), Dr. J.C. Kuniyal, Dr. A.R. Siddiqui Dr. A Singh,and Dr. L.S. Lodhiyal respectively.
On May 4, 2011 the remaining four sessions were conducted as part of special Technical Sessions. Technical Session-7 was a special session arranged to pay tribute to the famous explorer of Tibet and Central Asia, Pundit Nain Singh Rawat. In this session the 6th and 7th Pundit Nain Singh Memorial Lectures were delivered and attended by all participants.
The session was Chaired by Prof. Aidaraliev A.A. and co-chaired by Padm Shree Prof. Shekhar Pathak. In this session, Prof. Shekhar Pathak first discussed before the delegates, the contribution of Pundit Nain Singh Rawat in the discovery of Tibet. The Convener of the Conference Prof. Raghubir Chand introduced Prof. Donald F. Lynch from University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA and Padm Shree Prof. K.S. Valdiya, Honorary Professor from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore to the delegates who delivered 6th and 7th Nain Singh memorial lectures respectively. After that Prof. Donald F. Lynch presented a slide lecture on ‘The Arctic world in the 21st century: the impact of globalization’, followed by Prof. K.S. Valdiya who reported on ‘Tectonic resurgence of central sector of the Himalaya: Landscape rejuvenation’.
Technical Session-8 on May 4, 2011 was scheduled on ‘Resource Management as a Response to Marginalization’. This session was chaired by Prof. Donald F. Lynch and co-chaired by Prof. T. Havlicek. In this session four delegates presented their research work. First presentation was on ‘Saving the Himalayan Rivers’ delivered by Prof. J.S. Rawat. The second presentation was on ‘Achieving food security through opting cash generating crops- a case study on Nepali immigrants in Khanda Gad sub watershed, Garhwal Himalaya’ by Dr. V.P. Sati. Ms. Manisha Tripathi has made the third presentation which was focused on ‘Natural resource management of a geologically fragile hill terrain’. The last paper was presented by Dr. L.S. Lodhiyal on ‘Plant diversity along an altitudinal gradient of Jeolikote-Dogaon-Ranibag forests in Shiwalik of Kumaun Himalaya’.
Technical Session -9 was devoted to capture the ‘Climate Change and Climatic Considerations in Highland Areas’. This session was chaired by Prof. Martin F. Price, Director, Centre for Mountain Studies at Perth College, Univ. of the Highlands and Islands, Scotland and co-chaired by Prof. Jeremy D. Kark, School of Public Health, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Faculty of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. Total five papers were presented in this session. The first was the keynote lecture which focused on ‘Main trends of changes of biodiversity of indigenous plants’ delivered by Prof. Z. Chocholouskova from Univ. of West Bohemia in Plzen, Czech Republic. The second presentation was on ‘Impact of climate change in shifting of vegetation line in Indian Himalaya’ by Dr. M. Kumar. Prof. P.C. Tiwari, DSB Campus, Kumaun University presented his work on ‘Climate change and sustainability of water resources in Himalaya: responses and adaptation in marginalized society’. The fourth presentation was made by Mr. Harinder K. Thakur, GBPIHED, Mohal-Kullu on ‘Ambient air quality status and its sources in hill urban and semi-urban locations of the northwestern Himalaya, India’. The last presentation was delivered by Dr. K. Bargali on ‘Effect of biotic disturbances on regeneration status of tree species in quercus leucotrichophora forest, Nainital, Uttarakhand’.